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(Also tummy tuck) - a procedure that minimizes the abdominal area. In abdominoplasty, the surgeon makes a long incision from one side of the hipbone to the other. Excess fat and skin are surgically removed from the middle and lower abdomen and the muscles of the abdomen wall are tightened.
Lack of a normal sensation brought on by an anesthetic drug.
A health problem or feature not normally present in a healthy individual; a deviation from the normal.
Dark area of skin that surrounds the nipple of the breast.
Lacking symmetry; parts of the body are unequal in shape or size.
(See Breast Augmentation)
Autologous tissue breast reconstruction
The use of the patient's own tissues to reconstruct a new breast mound. The common technique is the TRAM (transverse rectus abdominous muscle) flap. A TRAM flap involves removing an area of fat, skin, and muscle from the abdomen and stitching it in place to the mastectomy wound.